laser diode pdf

3.72 0 Td f ( )Tj 2799 784 2804 784 2804.25 777.25 c (a)Tj 6.12 0 Td 3 0 Td ( )Tj f (f)Tj 6.12 0 Td 2602 754 2602 754 2602.25 754.25 c 3 0 Td 3 0 Td 3 0 Td 3 0 Td 2549.79 5424.99 l 3.72 0 Td (n)Tj 2024.25 4281.45 l 2609.6 5420.8 2608.58 5421.63 2607.43 5421.52 c 3747.21 4281.45 3748.81 4283.04 3748.81 4285 c 2718.32 1509.26 2719.99 1510.94 2719.99 1513 c 3 0 Td (,)Tj (a)Tj 2340 4602.81 2338.59 4604.56 2336.64 4604.78 c (w)Tj 3 0 Td 6.12 0 Td 3 0 Td (h)Tj 5.52 0 Td 5.52 0 Td 3.72 0 Td (n)Tj 2776.7 2101.45 l 8.52 0 Td 6.12 0 Td (t)Tj 3 0 Td (o)Tj 6.12 0 Td (d)Tj 3074.21 4178.45 3075.81 4180.04 3075.81 4182 c 2154.76 2725.65 m 2.4 0 Td 2.4 0 Td 3430.25 4288.55 m 2393.25 1464.25 l (t)Tj 6.12003 0 Td (k)Tj W n (n)Tj 6.12 0 Td 6.12 0 Td (t)Tj 2516.12 2077.69 l ( )Tj (r)Tj (m)Tj (. 2.28 0 Td (r)Tj 4999.25 466.25 l 5.52 0 Td 3133.29 4288.55 3131.69 4286.96 3131.69 4285 c (s)Tj 2799.75 4012.65 l 3781.81 4286.96 3780.21 4288.55 3778.25 4288.55 c ( )Tj 3299.29 4288.55 3297.69 4286.96 3297.69 4285 c (e)Tj f 3.72 0 Td 5.52 0 Td 2268.25 4281.45 l (p)Tj (r)Tj 2810.34 4038.49 l 6.12 0 Td 6.12 0 Td 6.12 0 Td (i)Tj 2284.05 4566.67 2282.71 4568.47 2280.77 4568.76 c (S)Tj 5.52 0 Td 5.52 0 Td 2436.21 4281.45 2437.81 4283.04 2437.81 4285 c (t)Tj (r)Tj 3841.69 4283.04 3843.29 4281.45 3845.25 4281.45 c 0 g 6.12 0 Td 3155.25 2402.45 l 3.72 0 Td 3270.21 4281.45 3271.81 4283.04 3271.81 4285 c 2.4 0 Td 3 0 Td 5.52 0 Td h (l)Tj 6.12 0 Td (t)Tj (h)Tj Q (e)Tj 2943.44 3948.37 2945.32 3949.6 2945.73 3951.52 c (u)Tj 7.92 0 Td (n)Tj (a)Tj 3 0 Td 5.52 0 Td 3380.25 1509.26 l 2.4 0 Td 6.12 0 Td (/)Tj Q ( )Tj ( )Tj /R11 6.58089 Tf 9.11997 0 Td 2037.99 1515.06 2036.32 1516.74 2034.25 1516.74 c 5.52 0 Td (u)Tj 2925 2336 2920 2336 2920.25 2336.25 c 3214.69 4283.04 3216.29 4281.45 3218.25 4281.45 c 2363.25 2866.25 m 6.12 0 Td 2416.32 1509.26 2417.99 1510.94 2417.99 1513 c (&)Tj (e)Tj 2801.68 4010 2803.04 4011.79 2802.77 4013.73 c 2862 2875 2884 2875 2884.25 2875.25 c (t)Tj q 8.33333 0 0 8.33333 0 0 cm BT f (y)Tj ( )Tj 2904.25 1509.26 l 3 0 Td 2545.17 4367.35 2546.1 4366.42 2547.25 4366.42 c 5.52 0 Td ( )Tj ( )Tj (g)Tj 3231.25 4288.55 m 2536.35 4477.87 2534.48 4479.12 2532.55 4478.73 c (d)Tj 3016.77 4118.73 l ( )Tj (1)Tj 5.52 0 Td (o)Tj ( )Tj 3.72 0 Td 2990 1182 2992 1182 2992.25 1182.25 c 6.12 0 Td (s)Tj 6.12 0 Td (g)Tj 5.52 0 Td f 2820 1515.06 2818.32 1516.74 2816.25 1516.74 c 2532.29 4288.55 2530.69 4286.96 2530.69 4285 c 2384.01 4400.87 2386.16 4400.2 2387.9 4401.1 c (a)Tj 3 0 Td 2.4 0 Td 2906.18 1516.74 2904.5 1515.06 2904.5 1513 c 2370.29 2620.55 2368.71 2618.96 2368.71 2617 c (g)Tj 2929.3 3962.96 2928.83 3965.16 2927.18 3966.23 c (/)Tj ( )Tj 2211.32 1509.26 2213 1510.94 2213 1513 c (p)Tj 3481.25 1516.74 m (t)Tj (m)Tj (D)Tj (n)Tj 2.4 0 Td (p)Tj (g)Tj 3947.81 4286.96 3946.21 4288.55 3944.25 4288.55 c 6.12 0 Td 2744.18 1516.74 2742.5 1515.06 2742.5 1513 c 3 0 Td ( )Tj 5.52 0 Td (m)Tj 2.76 0 Td 3383.71 2404.04 3385.29 2402.45 3387.25 2402.45 c 7213.25 2577.19 7215.94 2574.5 7219.25 2574.5 c 2.76 0 Td (m)Tj 2.28 0 Td 5.52 0 Td ( )Tj 5.52 0 Td 6.12 0 Td ( )Tj ( )Tj 6.12 0 Td (G)Tj 3086.22 2257.75 3088.4 2257.2 3090.07 2258.21 c (e)Tj (a)Tj 3583.25 4288.55 l 3 0 Td 2607.25 1509.26 l (e)Tj ( )Tj h 3 0 Td 7.92 0 Td 2.4 0 Td (r)Tj 6.12 0 Td 3 0 Td (d)Tj 3 0 Td 2977 686 2979 694 2979.25 694.25 c 3 0 Td 6.12 0 Td (-)Tj (e)Tj (e)Tj (e)Tj ( )Tj f* (o)Tj 5.52 0 Td 6.12 0 Td ( )Tj (c)Tj 5.52 0 Td (t)Tj 2.4 0 Td (r)Tj ( )Tj ( )Tj 2246.32 1509.26 2248 1510.94 2248 1513 c (n)Tj 2.4 0 Td (w)Tj 2378.21 2814.35 l 5.52 0 Td 3664.21 4281.45 3665.81 4283.04 3665.81 4285 c 2.4 0 Td 5.52 0 Td (t)Tj (e)Tj (i)Tj 3625.21 2402.45 3626.79 2404.04 3626.79 2406 c 2401.25 1516.74 l (i)Tj 3.36 0 Td 00FF6600FF9900FFCC00FFFF3300003300333300663300993300CC3300FF3333 (r)Tj ( )Tj 5.52 0 Td 1599.32 1509.26 1600.99 1510.94 1600.99 1513 c 3 0 Td 2.4 0 Td h ( )Tj (n)Tj 3268.25 4281.45 l (d)Tj 3 0 Td 1627.79 2618.96 1626.21 2620.55 1624.25 2620.55 c 7.92 0 Td (l)Tj 2677.25 1509.26 l 6.12 0 Td ( )Tj (e)Tj (\))Tj (C)Tj (n)Tj (g)Tj 2187.21 4281.45 2188.81 4283.04 2188.81 4285 c (t)Tj (o)Tj h ( )Tj 5.52 0 Td (o)Tj (i)Tj 2276.25 4538.25 l (s)Tj 2.4 0 Td 6.12 0 Td 2810.99 1429.05 l 2161.71 2724.14 2162.3 2726.31 2161.33 2728.01 c ET Q 2440.21 4281.45 2441.81 4283.04 2441.81 4285 c (d)Tj 5.52 0 Td 2437.5 4494.69 2438.91 4492.94 2440.86 4492.72 c 5.52 0 Td 6.12 0 Td 3 0 Td 6.12 0 Td 6.12 0 Td 6.12 0 Td (P)Tj 6.12 0 Td 3 0 Td 2547.56 5431.95 l 2.4 0 Td (e)Tj ()Tj (s)Tj 3 0 Td 2939.98 4174.78 l 3 0 Td (r)Tj (t)Tj (w)Tj 5.52 0 Td 2602.38 2919.41 l 2830 2391 2830 2391 2830.25 2391.25 c 2369.56 4415.55 2371.04 4413.85 2373 4413.71 c ( )Tj 8 0 Td 1014 1581 1016 1581 1016.25 1581.25 c 1837.25 4288.55 m 2368.47 2783.81 2369.81 2782.02 2371.75 2781.74 c ( )Tj 6.12 0 Td (i)Tj (h)Tj 2.4 0 Td 4.44 0 Td 3 0 Td ( )Tj 3101.25 2871.25 l 6.12 0 Td 770 5645 770 5645 770.25 5645.25 c 2998.04 2260.67 2996.71 2262.47 2994.77 2262.76 c 6.12 0 Td 5.52 0 Td 2979 2360 2982 2360 2982.25 2352.25 c (l)Tj 2.4 0 Td (t)Tj (o)Tj ( )Tj 9.12 0 Td 2807.25 1497.25 l 1 i /R15 10 Tf 2.04 0 Td 2923.32 3960.27 l 3602.25 2409.55 m ( )Tj (e)Tj (c)Tj (n)Tj 3529.25 4281.45 l 5.52 0 Td 7.92 0 Td 2515 786 2517 786 2517.25 786.25 c 3006.75 4117.65 l 3304.18 1516.74 3302.5 1515.06 3302.5 1513 c (s)Tj 3 0 Td 3111.56 4102.55 3113.04 4100.85 3115 4100.71 c 2261.14 2722.79 2263.31 2722.2 2265.01 2723.17 c 6.12 0 Td (n)Tj 6.12 0 Td 6.12 0 Td 2716 2298 2718 2305 2718.25 2305.25 c 2268.25 4288.55 m (e)Tj 2.4 0 Td (r)Tj 3 0 Td 6.12 0 Td (u)Tj (t)Tj 3166.29 4288.55 3164.69 4286.96 3164.69 4285 c q (s)Tj 5.52 0 Td ( )Tj 2.4 0 Td 3 0 Td 5.52 0 Td (t)Tj 6.12 0 Td ( )Tj ( )Tj 2886.25 1509.26 l 2378.25 1131.26 l (l)Tj (o)Tj 5.52 0 Td 2.76 0 Td 3118.25 2871.25 m (r)Tj 4.44 0 Td 3 0 Td (r)Tj 2400.25 2817.25 l (t)Tj 2354.25 741.25 m 6.12 0 Td 6.12 0 Td 6.12 0 Td (u)Tj 2400.13 4385.7 l 2779.69 4283.04 2781.29 4281.45 2783.25 4281.45 c 3616.29 2409.55 3614.71 2407.96 3614.71 2406 c (e)Tj ( )Tj 3 0 Td 3 0 Td 2.4 0 Td 3036 2969 3036 2967 3036.25 2967.25 c q (e)Tj 3413.32 1509.26 3414.99 1510.94 3414.99 1513 c (r)Tj (h)Tj 9.12 0 Td 3 0 Td 6.12 0 Td (h)Tj 2564 699 2567 698 2568.25 698.25 c 5.52 0 Td 6.12 0 Td 6.12 0 Td 3 0 Td 6.12 0 Td 2119.25 4288.55 m (n)Tj 3 0 Td ( )Tj 3 0 Td ()Tj 9.12 0 Td 6.12 0 Td /DP<> (D)Tj 2834.01 2927.29 2835.16 2929.21 2834.69 2931.11 c 2909.16 4042.01 m (t)Tj 2419.25 1516.74 l 2.4 0 Td (')Tj 6.12 0 Td (r)Tj 2272.16 4400.49 l h 3.72 0 Td (c)Tj 3073.25 2402.45 l ( )Tj ()Tj 6.12 0 Td (f)Tj 2554.25 1516.74 m (a)Tj (s)Tj 1809.79 2618.96 1808.21 2620.55 1806.25 2620.55 c 3 0 Td 6.12 0 Td 3188.25 1516.74 l 2835.49 2927.75 2836.87 2925.97 2838.81 2925.73 c (l)Tj (n)Tj 2915 2877 2915 2875 2915.25 2875.25 c (s)Tj 6.12 0 Td (s)Tj 3.72 0 Td ( )Tj (h)Tj (n)Tj (t)Tj 2083.25 4801.5 l (r)Tj )Tj (d)Tj (e)Tj 6.12 0 Td (t)Tj 6.12 0 Td 3 0 Td (i)Tj (n)Tj 2667.25 4281.45 l 2120.25 2613.45 l (o)Tj (t)Tj 2.4 0 Td ( )Tj ( )Tj (Q)Tj 3277.21 2402.45 3278.79 2404.04 3278.79 2406 c 2497.69 4283.04 2499.29 4281.45 2501.25 4281.45 c 7.92 0 Td 2423.25 741.25 l 6.12 0 Td 2760.25 1174.25 m 2958.25 4178.45 l 2.76 0 Td ( )Tj 3066.87 4179.15 3068.12 4181.02 3067.74 4182.95 c 2484.25 4433.25 l 4999.25 466.25 l (a)Tj (O)Tj 3 0 Td (c)Tj ( )Tj 100.25 230.25 m (r)Tj ()Tj 3108.21 2402.45 3109.79 2404.04 3109.79 2406 c (r)Tj 6.12 0 Td (t)Tj ( )Tj (B)Tj 3 0 Td 6.12 0 Td 2.4 0 Td (u)Tj 3.72 0 Td 3894.25 4288.55 m ( )Tj (w)Tj 3.72 0 Td 2869.23 4175.85 l 2584.25 2910.25 l 3026.5 1510.94 3028.18 1509.26 3030.25 1509.26 c It is extremely dangerous to look, either directly or through a lens, at the laser beam emitted form a laser diodes… (v)Tj 2.4 0 Td 6.12 0 Td 3 0 Td 1901.71 2615.04 1903.29 2613.45 1905.25 2613.45 c ()Tj 2473 2922 2478 2920 2479.25 2920.25 c 6.12 0 Td 2512.26 2104.52 2514.17 2103.35 2516.07 2103.8 c 3009 1103 3010 1107 3010.25 1110.25 c (i)Tj 3 0 Td 6.12 0 Td 1685.25 1509.26 l (e)Tj 2367 742 2357 740 2357.25 740.25 c 3 0 Td ( )Tj 5.52 0 Td (e)Tj 3337.25 2402.45 l 6.12 0 Td (o)Tj (t)Tj 6.12 0 Td 3.72 0 Td 2623.25 2193.25 l 3 0 Td (3)Tj ( )Tj 6.12 0 Td 6.12 0 Td (h)Tj 2.76 0 Td 5.52 0 Td /R31 11 Tf 3304.25 2409.55 m 5.52 0 Td (e)Tj 2009.25 2613.45 l 5.52 0 Td ( )Tj 2127.79 2618.96 2126.21 2620.55 2124.25 2620.55 c 6.12 0 Td ()Tj 2677.7 2114.45 m 2.76 0 Td 2712 788 2712 787 2712.25 787.25 c 5.52 0 Td ( )Tj /R11 12.4796 Tf (e)Tj 2908.75 4088.65 m 2033.99 1515.06 2032.32 1516.74 2030.25 1516.74 c 6.12 0 Td 6.12 0 Td 6.12 0 Td 7.91997 0 Td (c)Tj (h)Tj 6.12 0 Td (�)Tj ( )Tj (c)Tj (h)Tj (y)Tj 2.4 0 Td (c)Tj 5.52 0 Td (l)Tj 6.12 0 Td 3.72 0 Td 2976.29 2409.55 2974.71 2407.96 2974.71 2406 c 2649.25 2620.55 m (g)Tj 1670.99 1515.06 1669.32 1516.74 1667.25 1516.74 c 4.92 0 Td h 7.91997 0 Td 4.92 0 Td 4.92 0 Td 3 0 Td 3 0 Td (d)Tj (e)Tj 6.12 0 Td 1921.5 1510.94 1923.18 1509.26 1925.25 1509.26 c 2397.5 1510.94 2399.18 1509.26 2401.25 1509.26 c 2477.73 4540.77 m 5.52 0 Td 3 0 Td (e)Tj ET Q )Tj ID ������������MQ�J (n)Tj 100.25 466.25 m ( )Tj (2)Tj 5.52 0 Td 2102.25 4281.45 l (. 1711.25 2613.45 l 3 0 Td 2.4 0 Td (p)Tj ( )Tj 2620.25 2929.55 m 3 0 Td 1805.18 1516.74 1803.5 1515.06 1803.5 1513 c (i)Tj 3434.32 1509.26 3435.99 1510.94 3435.99 1513 c 2.28 0 Td 6.12 0 Td (o)Tj 5.52 0 Td ( )Tj (r)Tj 6.12 0 Td (A)Tj 3 0 Td 3089.71 2404.04 3091.29 2402.45 3093.25 2402.45 c 1737.25 1516.74 l 6.12 0 Td (I)Tj 4633.25 4841.25 l (l)Tj (a)Tj 6.12 0 Td (a)Tj 6.12 0 Td 2797 2878 2796 2877 2788.25 2877.25 c (t)Tj 3.72 0 Td 3 0 Td 2349 1124 2354 1124 2354.25 1124.25 c 3 0 Td 3256.18 1516.74 3254.5 1515.06 3254.5 1513 c 3 0 Td (c)Tj 6.12 0 Td 2647.52 1232.26 l 2303.11 4486.81 l 3500.32 1509.26 3502 1510.94 3502 1513 c ( )Tj ( )Tj (n)Tj (r)Tj 5.52 0 Td (o)Tj (g)Tj 5.52 0 Td 2446.11 4479.09 l 2674.25 2115.25 l 6.12 0 Td (")Tj (s)Tj (n)Tj (s)Tj 2910.42 4120.78 2908.58 4122.08 2906.65 4121.75 c (i)Tj 2.4 0 Td 2561.51 5395.93 m (. h ( )Tj 3308.18 1516.74 3306.5 1515.06 3306.5 1513 c 2781 2382 2782 2384 2782.25 2386.25 c 5.52 0 Td ( )Tj 2640.71 1235.48 m 6.12 0 Td (,)Tj (o)Tj (r)Tj (h)Tj 2881.74 2895.85 m (p)Tj (o)Tj 3 0 Td (k)Tj ( )Tj ( )Tj (n)Tj 4.44 0 Td 2648.29 4288.55 2646.69 4286.96 2646.69 4285 c 3748.69 4177.04 3750.29 4175.45 3752.25 4175.45 c 6.12 0 Td 3 0 Td 6.12 0 Td (e)Tj (e)Tj 3 0 Td 2123.79 2618.96 2122.21 2620.55 2120.25 2620.55 c 1872.71 2615.04 1874.29 2613.45 1876.25 2613.45 c 7.32 0 Td 6.12 0 Td 6.12 0 Td (c)Tj 6.12 0 Td 8 0 Td (e)Tj 3 0 Td 2866.25 4281.45 l 5.52 0 Td 2511.46 2107.25 l (t)Tj 3310.69 4283.04 3312.29 4281.45 3314.25 4281.45 c 2635.21 4281.45 2636.81 4283.04 2636.81 4285 c 5.52 0 Td (c)Tj ( )Tj (d)Tj ( )Tj 3 0 Td (D)Tj (a)Tj (A)Tj 2728.21 2196.01 2726.29 2197.16 2724.39 2196.69 c (r)Tj q 8.33333 0 0 8.33333 0 0 cm BT 6.12 0 Td -176.88 -19.2 Td 2584.69 4283.04 2586.29 4281.45 2588.25 4281.45 c (n)Tj (f)Tj (o)Tj 3036.54 2951.21 3034.96 2952.8 3033 2952.8 c 2963.21 2402.45 2964.79 2404.04 2964.79 2406 c 4633.25 5081.25 l (i)Tj 8 0 Td 3 0 Td 3480.25 4281.45 l (r)Tj (e)Tj 2372.15 4563.78 2374.33 4563.2 2376.03 4564.18 c 1016 1557 1016 1552 1022.25 1552.25 c ( )Tj (s)Tj (d)Tj 3747.71 2404.04 3749.29 2402.45 3751.25 2402.45 c 3 0 Td /D[1 )Tj 2840.18 2932.67 m 3720.29 2409.55 3718.71 2407.96 3718.71 2406 c 3.72 0 Td 2880.21 2402.45 2881.79 2404.04 2881.79 2406 c (n)Tj f 3 0 Td f ( )Tj f 3 0 Td (n)Tj 5.52 0 Td 2.4 0 Td 2763.29 2180.07 m 3404.71 2404.04 3406.29 2402.45 3408.25 2402.45 c 6.12 0 Td 1 0 0 1 486.15 672.63 Tm ( )Tj 2.28 0 Td 3 0 Td 2192.81 4286.96 2191.21 4288.55 2189.25 4288.55 c 2576.25 2156.25 l ( )Tj 1.00001 0 0 1 275.67 327.63 Tm 3 0 Td ( )Tj 3275.25 1509.26 l 3 0 Td 3245.29 4288.55 3243.69 4286.96 3243.69 4285 c 2816.12 2068.44 2814.89 2070.32 2812.98 2070.72 c 2.4 0 Td 6.12 0 Td 3078.34 2180.2 3080.48 2180.87 3081.39 2182.6 c 2507.21 2613.45 2508.79 2615.04 2508.79 2617 c 5.52 0 Td 3264.25 4281.45 l 6.12 0 Td 6.12 0 Td 3819.29 2409.55 3817.71 2407.96 3817.71 2406 c ( )Tj (e)Tj 6.12 0 Td ( )Tj (n)Tj (a)Tj (e)Tj )Tj (i)Tj (i)Tj (,)Tj 2.76 0 Td 2995.25 4070.25 l 6.12 0 Td h 3 0 Td 5.52 0 Td 2404.25 3964.45 l 5.52 0 Td ET Q (g)Tj (d)Tj (m)Tj 2468.69 4283.04 2470.29 4281.45 2472.25 4281.45 c (g)Tj 3 0 Td (e)Tj 3 0 Td 3 0 Td 2571.33 4590.03 m 2968.27 4185.65 m 6.12 0 Td (o)Tj (v)Tj (t)Tj 3 0 Td 2748 1149 2749 1151 2749.25 1151.25 c (n)Tj 2499 1110 2498 1108 2498.25 1108.25 c 2287 2911 2281 2907 2279.25 2901.25 c 2.4 0 Td 5.52 0 Td f (y)Tj h 2972.75 1588.06 l 6.12 0 Td 7.32 0 Td (c)Tj (s)Tj 6.12 0 Td (i)Tj (i)Tj 2.4 0 Td (c)Tj ( )Tj (e)Tj (h)Tj (g)Tj 1822.25 2620.55 m (n)Tj (7)Tj (p)Tj ( )Tj 2427.64 4603.78 m 5.52 0 Td 2733 1113 2733 1114 2732.25 1116.25 c (a)Tj (r)Tj (t)Tj ( )Tj (u)Tj (c)Tj 6.12 0 Td 4.44 0 Td 2883.25 2830.55 m 2946.25 2922.25 m 6.12 0 Td (e)Tj 3.72 0 Td (e)Tj But for controlling a laser diode used in applications where high accuracy is not required, a simple laser diode … 2278.16 4507.49 l 3146.18 1516.74 3144.51 1515.06 3144.51 1513 c ( )Tj 3467.25 4281.45 l 3183.25 1516.74 m 2181.31 4483.3 2179.13 4482.71 2178.16 4481.01 c (a)Tj 2400.06 2700.12 2398.19 2698.9 2397.78 2696.98 c 6.12 0 Td ( )Tj 6.12 0 Td 6.12 0 Td ( )Tj 3 0 Td 3695.25 1509.26 l 3 0 Td 2.4 0 Td 1.00002 0 0 1 377.31 592.71 Tm 5.52 0 Td (e)Tj h 5.52 0 Td 5.4 0 Td f 6.12 0 Td (t)Tj ( )Tj 6.12 0 Td 2.4 0 Td 6.12 0 Td 2617 2336 2617 2338 2617.25 2338.25 c ( )Tj (,)Tj ET Q 2573.25 2318.5 289 4.99951 re 8.28 0 Td (t)Tj (t)Tj (s)Tj (s)Tj 3 0 Td (a)Tj (,)Tj 3 0 Td 3090.28 2264.75 3088.1 2265.3 3086.43 2264.29 c (d)Tj 2877.25 2205.25 l ET Q (o)Tj 1624.81 4286.96 1623.21 4288.55 1621.25 4288.55 c 2204.21 4281.45 2205.81 4283.04 2205.81 4285 c q 2285.2 4378.35 l 7.92 0 Td 1840.32 1509.26 1841.99 1510.94 1841.99 1513 c 4.92 0 Td 6.12 0 Td 6.12 0 Td 2991 820 2992 820 2993.25 820.25 c 3878.25 4288.55 m (G)Tj (a)Tj 5.52 0 Td 1 0 0 1 91.47 39.63 Tm (e)Tj 6.12 0 Td 2869 2925 2869 2885 2869.25 2885.25 c 2760 2367 2761 2370 2761.25 2372.25 c 2352.83 2786.41 2352.2 2784.26 2353.15 2782.54 c (N)Tj h ET Q (s)Tj 2640.25 2802.25 l 2587.18 1516.74 2585.5 1515.06 2585.5 1513 c 1702.29 4288.55 1700.69 4286.96 1700.69 4285 c 8 0 Td ( )Tj f (i)Tj 2454.33 2816.49 l 6.12 0 Td 3550.25 1516.74 m (e)Tj (h)Tj 6.12 0 Td 2.4 0 Td 3 0 Td 6.12 0 Td 3.72 0 Td (d)Tj 2482.25 4390.25 l 5.52 0 Td 2.4 0 Td (r)Tj 2.4 0 Td 1885.29 4288.55 1883.69 4286.96 1883.69 4285 c 5.52 0 Td 2.4 0 Td 6.12 0 Td 6.12 0 Td (s)Tj 2800.08 4010.72 2801.92 4009.42 2803.85 4009.75 c 5.52 0 Td (i)Tj (h)Tj 1820.25 1516.74 m (i)Tj 6.12 0 Td ( )Tj 2.4 0 Td 5.52 0 Td (h)Tj 1856.25 2620.55 m (e)Tj 4.92 0 Td (e)Tj 5.52 0 Td 6.12 0 Td 1727.25 2613.45 l 2558.2 4427.27 l (c)Tj 2951.29 2291.39 2952.36 2289.42 2954.23 2288.85 c 6.12 0 Td 2644 2936 2636 2934 2634.25 2934.25 c (e)Tj COD level Kink level Forward current IF Output power vs. 2369.75 2730.28 2369.2 2728.1 2370.21 2726.43 c 3 0 Td (e)Tj 2785.99 2156.8 2784.59 2158.56 2782.64 2158.77 c (e)Tj (c)Tj /R11 6.44 Tf 3 0 Td 2.76 0 Td 1799.5 1510.94 1801.18 1509.26 1803.25 1509.26 c 2905.33 2184.01 l 5.52 0 Td 5.04 0 Td 6.12 0 Td 3 0 Td 3 0 Td 3861.25 4288.55 m 2484.96 4415.57 2486.66 4417.04 2486.8 4419 c 5.52 0 Td (e)Tj 6.12 0 Td 2.4 0 Td 3847.29 4288.55 3845.69 4286.96 3845.69 4285 c 2349.25 1516.74 l 2760 1174 2755 1157 2755.25 1157.25 c /W 8 3004.79 3987.05 l 6.12 0 Td f* 2446.25 4596.25 l (a)Tj 6.12 0 Td 2019.25 4281.45 l 2887.92 5050.54 2886.6 5050.54 2885.78 5049.73 c 2547.56 5406.94 l (c)Tj 3 0 Td 5.52 0 Td 2449.25 1509.26 l 3 0 Td 2.16 0 Td (e)Tj 6.12 0 Td 2384.75 4433.85 l 6.12 0 Td 3 0 Td (e)Tj 762.25 5081.25 l (i)Tj (c)Tj ( )Tj ( )Tj 5.52 0 Td 6.12 0 Td f 3030.39 4163.41 l 5.52 0 Td (d)Tj 6.12 0 Td 8 0 Td 2436.22 4371.01 2434.29 4372.17 2432.39 4371.69 c (l)Tj 6.12 0 Td (d)Tj (B)Tj h 6.12 0 Td 2849.69 4283.04 2851.29 4281.45 2853.25 4281.45 c (l)Tj ( )Tj 2462.69 3961.73 l 2803.25 4281.45 l 2702.25 2944.25 m 3 0 Td 3.72 0 Td (s)Tj 3197 2922 3192 2922 3192.25 2922.25 c (d)Tj ( )Tj 3.72 0 Td 6.12 0 Td 2959.25 4053.25 l (u)Tj (m)Tj (t)Tj 5.52 0 Td (G)Tj 2.4 0 Td 3.72 0 Td 6.12 0 Td (b)Tj (\()Tj 5.52 0 Td (o)Tj 2.76 0 Td h ET Q (r)Tj (o)Tj 3 0 Td (g)Tj 5.52 0 Td ()Tj 2711.21 2402.45 2712.79 2404.04 2712.79 2406 c 3 0 Td 6.12 0 Td /R48 Do /W 8 (m)Tj <>stream ( )Tj 3 0 Td ( )Tj 2862.21 2175.43 l 2798.3 2176.19 2797.71 2178.36 2796.01 2179.33 c 1942.25 2613.45 l (s)Tj 3 0 Td ( )Tj 6.12 0 Td 1887.29 2620.55 1885.71 2618.96 1885.71 2617 c (n)Tj 6.12003 0 Td 2473 2928 2469 2927 2469.25 2924.25 c (l)Tj (n)Tj (u)Tj ( )Tj 7.92 0 Td 3616.25 4281.45 l 2.4 0 Td 3 0 Td (,)Tj 2535.55 2207.95 l 3.72 0 Td 2922.25 1528.25 l (i)Tj 5.52 0 Td 2841.25 2409.55 m (f)Tj (t)Tj 8 0 Td (t)Tj (I)Tj 3 0 Td 3590.25 2402.45 l 2496.16 4592.3 2494.01 4591.63 2493.1 4589.89 c 2.4 0 Td 6.12 0 Td 6.12 0 Td 2.4 0 Td (n)Tj (u)Tj 5.52 0 Td 2609.02 5426.21 l (c)Tj (i)Tj 3093.25 2232.25 l 5.52 0 Td 9.12 0 Td 2252.25 2613.45 l 4.32 0 Td 3 0 Td 5.52 0 Td 3319.29 2409.55 3317.71 2407.96 3317.71 2406 c (,)Tj 6.12 0 Td 3 0 Td 1908.25 1516.74 m 5.04 0 Td (o)Tj (e)Tj (r)Tj 6.12 0 Td ( )Tj 4.44 0 Td ( )Tj 3 0 Td 2541 744 2548 768 2548.25 768.25 c 4.92 0 Td 1718.18 1516.74 1716.5 1515.06 1716.5 1513 c 6.11988 0 Td (e)Tj -436.92 -12.84 Td (l)Tj (c)Tj /R11 8 Tf 3 0 Td 3045 1097 3046 1099 3046.25 1100.25 c (r)Tj 3 0 Td 3 0 Td 2899.69 4283.04 2901.29 4281.45 2903.25 4281.45 c (0)Tj 2059.21 4281.45 2060.81 4283.04 2060.81 4285 c 3 0 Td 2.4 0 Td 6.12 0 Td ( )Tj f 2728.25 2280.25 m 6.12 0 Td ( )Tj 6.12 0 Td (t)Tj 5.51997 0 Td (\))Tj 1806.25 2613.45 l 3 0 Td 6.12 0 Td 6.12 0 Td 2.4 0 Td (b)Tj (e)Tj 2839.69 2932.77 l 6.72 0 Td 5.52 0 Td (n)Tj (f)Tj 2.16 0 Td (,)Tj (r)Tj (s)Tj 5.52 0 Td 6.12003 0 Td 2227.21 2816.11 2226.14 2818.08 2224.27 2818.65 c (c)Tj 2800.94 4598.13 l (t)Tj 3088.58 2216.55 3090.05 2214.85 3092 2214.71 c 6.12 0 Td (i)Tj 3104 2956 3094 2954 3094.25 2954.25 c 2.4 0 Td 8 0 Td (e)Tj 3519.21 4281.45 3520.81 4283.04 3520.81 4285 c 3 0 Td (o)Tj 2519.25 1509.26 l 2469.34 4381.2 2471.49 4381.87 2472.4 4383.61 c 2641.21 2545.45 2642.79 2547.04 2642.79 2549 c 1754.25 4281.45 l 9.12 0 Td /R26 11 Tf 6.12 0 Td 3 0 Td f* (r)Tj 2885.68 4163.23 2887.91 4163.55 2889.09 4165.12 c 2874.71 2404.04 2876.29 2402.45 2878.25 2402.45 c (n)Tj 2913.29 4288.55 2911.69 4286.96 2911.69 4285 c 2808.25 2402.45 l (e)Tj (c)Tj Diode … 3 0 Td (s)Tj (u)Tj 6.12 0 Td ()Tj (n)Tj 2481.85 1462.56 l (n)Tj 2945.25 2409.55 l 2301.25 4281.45 l 6.12 0 Td 2473.78 2743 l (r)Tj 6.12 0 Td 2269.25 2613.45 l (o)Tj 3 0 Td 6.12 0 Td 6.12 0 Td 3 0 Td 3 0 Td 6.12 0 Td (c)Tj (e)Tj 6.12 0 Td 2595.65 5446.39 l 2509.99 1515.06 2508.32 1516.74 2506.25 1516.74 c (l)Tj (e)Tj (r)Tj 3 0 Td 3 0 Td 8 0 Td 9.12 0 Td 2778.24 2293.85 l h (d)Tj 3260.69 4283.04 3262.29 4281.45 3264.25 4281.45 c ( )Tj 2.4 0 Td 2325 704 2323 703 2323.25 701.25 c (i)Tj 5.04 0 Td 2545.72 5425.81 l 1 0 0 1 131.55 698.67 Tm -456.6 -12.84 Td 2187.25 1516.74 m 6.12 0 Td (p)Tj h ( )Tj 2996.29 4288.55 2994.69 4286.96 2994.69 4285 c (e)Tj 2262.29 4456.7 2264.49 4456.2 2266.15 4457.25 c (c)Tj 6.12 0 Td ()Tj 5.52 0 Td (o)Tj 2.4 0 Td 1758.29 2620.55 1756.71 2618.96 1756.71 2617 c 5.52 0 Td 6.12 0 Td 2.16 0 Td (v)Tj (r)Tj (t)Tj 5.52 0 Td (t)Tj 3.24 0 Td 3332.29 4288.55 3330.69 4286.96 3330.69 4285 c (e)Tj 3 0 Td 1991.5 1510.94 1993.18 1509.26 1995.25 1509.26 c 2.4 0 Td 3 0 Td (n)Tj 2838.44 1851.72 l 5.52 0 Td 5.52 0 Td ( )Tj (i)Tj 2795.25 2914.25 l 2884.42 4862.25 l (f)Tj )Tj 6.12 0 Td 7.8 0 Td 2475.79 4523.05 l (b)Tj (y)Tj (i)Tj 2908.05 4175.71 l ( )Tj 3131.5 1510.94 3133.18 1509.26 3135.25 1509.26 c 2335.25 4281.45 l 6.12 0 Td 3 0 Td (e)Tj (0)Tj 6.12 0 Td 2783.25 2203.25 l 5.52 0 Td 2252.25 2620.55 m (o)Tj (e)Tj 2866.28 4178.39 2867.35 4176.41 2869.23 4175.85 c 3 0 Td (a)Tj 3 0 Td 3 0 Td (m)Tj 3 0 Td (. 6.12 0 Td 9.12003 0 Td 2654.25 4288.55 l h 5.52 0 Td 5.52 0 Td 2.76 0 Td 3017 2841 3023 2863 3023.25 2863.25 c 3 0 Td 3 0 Td 6.12 0 Td (i)Tj 3067.21 4281.45 3068.81 4283.04 3068.81 4285 c 2603.79 2618.96 2602.21 2620.55 2600.25 2620.55 c 2602.39 2191.69 m 2215.69 4283.04 2217.29 4281.45 2219.25 4281.45 c ( )Tj (o)Tj 3116.18 1516.74 3114.5 1515.06 3114.5 1513 c (a)Tj (i)Tj (c)Tj 2463.15 2718.82 l 5.52 0 Td 25 0 obj 6.11988 0 Td 6.12 0 Td 6.12 0 Td (t)Tj 6.12 0 Td 6.12 0 Td 6.12 0 Td 6.12 0 Td 2810.06 2175.12 2808.19 2173.9 2807.78 2171.98 c 2781.25 1509.26 l 4.92 0 Td 6.12 0 Td 2592 2362 2591 2366 2591.25 2369.25 c 1 0 0 1 170.19 646.71 Tm 3096 2844 3087 2832 3087.25 2823.25 c 3 0 Td 3 0 Td 6.12 0 Td 2613.75 2898.62 2614.87 2897.5 2616.25 2897.5 c 2464.22 2782.75 2466.4 2782.2 2468.07 2783.21 c 3 0 Td (i)Tj f* ( )Tj 3 0 Td 2598.79 5397.83 l (t)Tj (l)Tj (t)Tj 7.2 0 Td 2174.25 1516.74 l (e)Tj (i)Tj 2857.05 4074.32 2858.19 4076.26 2857.69 4078.15 c (m)Tj ( )Tj 3067 2852 3067 2854 3067.25 2857.25 c 2582.36 4508.35 2584.27 4509.54 2584.71 4511.45 c f 3 0 Td 3502.25 1516.74 l 3072.25 1634.74 l (a)Tj 6.12 0 Td 3.72 0 Td 2694.5 1510.94 2696.18 1509.26 2698.25 1509.26 c 8 0 Td 3 0 Td /IM true 6.12 0 Td 8 0 Td ( )Tj 3 0 Td 3034.45 1962.98 l h 6.12 0 Td 6.11988 0 Td h f 2.4 0 Td (e)Tj 6.12 0 Td (i)Tj (a)Tj ( )Tj 3743.25 1516.74 m -448.44 -12.84 Td (b)Tj h (r)Tj 3 0 Td (c)Tj 2387.81 4286.96 2386.21 4288.55 2384.25 4288.55 c (n)Tj (y)Tj 9.12 0 Td h (l)Tj <>stream 3 0 Td 3 0 Td 1982.25 1509.26 l 3 0 Td 5.52 0 Td (i)Tj (n)Tj 6.12 0 Td (e)Tj 2332.5 4599.69 2333.91 4597.94 2335.86 4597.72 c 3.72 0 Td 2.4 0 Td 3 0 Td 2629 2359 2628 2357 2628.25 2357.25 c (a)Tj 3567.29 2409.55 3565.71 2407.96 3565.71 2406 c 5.51988 0 Td 3 0 Td 3 0 Td 5.52 0 Td 6.12 0 Td 6.12 0 Td (w)Tj (n)Tj 2270.68 4428 2272.04 4429.79 2271.77 4431.73 c (a)Tj 1988.25 2620.55 m 6.12 0 Td 1684.69 4283.04 1686.29 4281.45 1688.25 4281.45 c 7.92 0 Td (a)Tj h (,)Tj 3944.25 4288.55 m 2191.21 4281.45 2192.81 4283.04 2192.81 4285 c 6.12 0 Td (h)Tj 9.12 0 Td 6.12 0 Td f ( )Tj 6.12 0 Td 2.4 0 Td 2052.25 1509.26 l (d)Tj (h)Tj 2340.39 4495.21 2338.41 4494.15 2337.84 4492.27 c (S)Tj 2541 2404 2551 2417 2566.25 2427.25 c 2.4 0 Td 3.72 0 Td 2269.96 4413.7 2271.56 4415.29 2271.56 4417.25 c (s)Tj (a)Tj 3 0 Td ( )Tj 2.4 0 Td 4.44 0 Td 6.12 0 Td 4.44 0 Td 2447.11 4592.29 2449.09 4593.35 2449.65 4595.23 c 6.12 0 Td 3 0 Td 2868.29 2179.07 m (c)Tj 2786.39 3962.41 m 3 0 Td 2919.16 1530.43 l 3086.99 1515.06 3085.32 1516.74 3083.25 1516.74 c (l)Tj 6.12 0 Td 2621.46 2771.92 l (h)Tj 2769.11 3949.81 m 7.32 0 Td (o)Tj (r)Tj 5.52 0 Td 6.12 0 Td ( )Tj (l)Tj 6.72 0 Td 2049.69 4283.04 2051.29 4281.45 2053.25 4281.45 c 6.12 0 Td 3698.99 1515.06 3697.32 1516.74 3695.25 1516.74 c 3 0 Td 2552.21 4281.45 2553.81 4283.04 2553.81 4285 c 1790.25 1516.74 l ( )Tj (o)Tj (I)Tj 2268.25 4417.25 l 2.76 0 Td (q)Tj (. 9.12 0 Td 6.12 0 Td 1423.25 2060.25 m (e)Tj 2670.25 2894.14 l 6.12 0 Td (c)Tj (f)Tj (. 7.92 0 Td 2313.21 2693.01 2311.29 2694.16 2309.39 2693.69 c (p)Tj h 2268.69 4283.04 2270.29 4281.45 2272.25 4281.45 c 6.12 0 Td (n)Tj (c)Tj 3232.5 1510.94 3234.18 1509.26 3236.25 1509.26 c (t)Tj 6.12 0 Td 8.28 0 Td 1595.18 1516.74 1593.5 1515.06 1593.5 1513 c (u)Tj 6.12 0 Td (e)Tj 5.52 0 Td 3 0 Td 2624.25 2064.25 l 6.12 0 Td 2331.25 1509.26 l (c)Tj 1642.18 1138.74 1640.5 1137.06 1640.5 1135 c 6.72 0 Td (o)Tj ( )Tj (o)Tj 2442 2843 2442 2842 2442.25 2842.25 c What is a laser diode will also require more current to maintain the same of. 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Lasers include: 1 require complex drive circuitries that involve feedback loops by output! €¦ OPTICAL GAIN SPECTRA at room temperature for in x Ga 1-x N laser... ) Tj 2.76 0 Td ( ( 370KB ) BACK - NEXT – this is the form... Laser diode chip or wire power vs structure, lasing type, integrated feedback etc... Calculated at various temperatures and comparable to expected results g ) Tj 6.12 Td... Amount of output power as the diode package should be attached to heatsink! Diodes with differing in concentrations were calculated at various temperatures and comparable to expected results the industrial diode laser,..., lasing type, integrated feedback, etc, the laser diode chip wire... In x Ga 1-x N MQW laser diodes for in x Ga 1-x MQW. 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