# zener diode characteristics experiment using breadboard

Zener Diode V-I Characteristics. Materials and Equipments: 1 Industrial Electronics Trainer III. Do not switch ON the power supply unless you have checked the circuit connections as per the circuit diagram. To plot Volt-Ampere characteristics of Zener diode. To Study the V-I characteristics of Forwa rd Biased PN junction diode. To Study the Reverse characteristics of Zener diode. Then we will see how that experiment can be performed using the PSLab Android App and the PSLab Hardware Device. What Is A Zener Diode Definition Construction Working. David Jones made a tutorial on the fundamentals of zener diodes over his EEVblog youtube channel. Plot the reverse characteristic curve by taking reverse voltage along –ve X-axis and reverse current along –ve Y-axis. A Zener diode is a diode which allows current to flow in the forward direction in the same manner as an ideal diode, but will also permit it to flow in the reverse direction when the voltage is above a certain value known as the breakdown voltage 3. Build the circuit shown in Figure 1 on your solderless breadboard using the 1N4735 6.2 V Zener diode. To Study the working of a diode as half w ave rectifier with and without filter. Figure 4 shows a case in which reverse-bias breakdown of zener diodes limit the voltage swing across the load resistor. The circuit symbol of Zener diode is as shown in the figure. The I-V Characteristics Curve of a zener diode, shown below, is the curve which shows the current-voltage relationship of a zener diode. The Zener breakdown voltage is the minimum reverse biased voltage below which the diode blocks the reverse … INTERPRETATION OF RESULTS This experiment demonstrates the characteristics of a zener diode. 1-3 2. Understand Zener Diode Datasheet Specifications. Zener Diode characteristics: VI characteristics of Zener Diode. In the reverse bias condition the Zener diode is an open circuit and only a small leakage current is flowing as shown on the exaggerated plot. By using a breadboard, Zener diode, a diode, resistors, a digital multimeter, F.A.C.E.T. Use AWG1 (5 V constant) and the –5 V Vn user supply to establish the dc supply V IN. While doing the experiment do not exceed the readings of the diode. 3.1 Diode Characteristics Small-Signal Diodes Diode: a semiconductor device, which conduct the current in one direction only. • To study the concept of designing a Zener Voltage Regulator. Here we go with the Zener Diode Characteristics Experiment Using Multisim Software # Characteristics of a Zener Diode The above diagram shows the V-I characteristics of the Zener diode behavior. Objectives: • To study the I-V characteristics of a Zener diode. 7-9 4. The break down voltage Vz is obtained from the graph as shown below. By connecting the negative terminal of the battery to the diode anode terminal, zener diode starts operating in the reverse bias or breakdown mode. First, we will look at the general laboratory experiment and it’s format. Connect the circuit in Figure 1.2. The typical forward voltage at room temperature with a current of around 1 mA is around 0.6 volts. This article will help to explain the characteristics which make up zener diodes, specifically how the voltage across a zener diode varies with the current flowing through it. Laboratory Exercise 2 Diode Characteristics PURPOSE The purpose of this experiment is to acquaint you with the operation of diodes. This experiment is composed into 2 objectives. To find Zener break down voltage in reverse biased condition. In general, the cathode of a diode is marked by a solid line on the diode (Fig. Chapter 2 Zener Diode Zener Diodes The Breakdown. When the positive polarity is at the cathode – the diode is reversed biased and is not conducting. Result: Volt-Ampere Characteristics of P-N Diode are studied. You will need to wire this on your breadboard. Hence in this way the voltage is limited across the load. Use various fixed and variable resistors for R L. Figure 1. 2. Experiment No: 2 ZENER DIODE CHARACTERISTICS AIM: 1. Zener Diode Characteristics - Zener regulator Prelab: You are tasked to determine experimentally the characteristic curve of a reverse-biased Zener diode. They provide a low-cost and no frill method for voltage regulation. Conventional Zener Diode With Rz 30 W Shows A 1st I V. Why … A number of ready to use experiment circuit boards are provided. For convenience it is used normally. Procedure: Step 1. The lead connected to the p-type material is called the anode and the lead connected to the n-type material is the cathode. Experiment 4 Characteristics of a Silicon Diode and the Zener Diode Introduction The diode is a device formed from a junction of n-type and p-type semiconductor material. Zener diode is connected in reverse bias, so once the Zener voltage exceeds then the current flows through the diode but there is an unnoticeable voltage drop. The experiment is continued till the milliammeter shows a large deflection while the voltmeter reading remains a constant, indicating the break down voltage. The ADALM1000 hardware can only produce (and measure) voltages up to the 5 V maximum. Preface: ... Another use of diodes, especially zener diodes, is as a limiter. Connect voltmeter and ammeter in correct polarities as shown in the circuit diagram. 4-6 3. Circuit Diagram: Figure 1 Zener Regulator The unit is supplied with a breadboard to help students experiment with test circuity using various components without having to solder. C. Half Wave Rectifier Build the rectifier circuit shown in Figure 4. The setup we are using for this experiment. Experiments: Silicon, Zener, LED Diode Characteristics; Common Base NPN and PNP Transistor Characteristics The critical parameter of this type of diodes is the Zener breakdown voltage. However, when reverse biased voltage is applied to the zener diode, it works in different manner. 4 I. You will use the curve tracer to obtain the current-voltage (1-V) characteristies of a silicon diode. David started the tutorial comparing between zener and regular diode. When forward biased voltage is applied to the zener diode, it works like a normal diode. At the end of the experiment, the student will be able to Explain the function of a Zener diode; Explain Zener Diode as Voltage Regulator; Zener Diode. 4.1). The Zener diode mainly operates in reverse biased condition. Pn Junction Diode Characteristics Experiment Using Breadboard March 30, 2019 Get link; Facebook; Twitter; Pinterest; Email 10-1 2 The VI characteristics of a zener diode is shown in the below figure. 18 ZENER DIODE Experiment No. The characteristics of these references make them excellent replacements for zener diodes in many applications such as digital voltmeters, power supplies, and op amp circuitry. Zener diode is nothing but a single diode connected in a reverse bias mode and Zener diode can be connected in reverse bias positive in a circuit as shown as picture.we can connect it for different applications. Figure 2. #24 wire ... You will mostly use electrolytic and ceramic capacitors for your experiments. Electrolytic capacitors An electrolytic capacitor is a type of capacitor that uses an electrolyte, an ionic conducting liquid, as one of its plates, to achieve a larger capacitance per unit volume than other types. The forward bias region of a Zener diode is identical to that of a regular diode. When the positive polarity is at the anode – the diode is forward biased and is conducting. A single zener diode would limit the swing in one direction only. To get breakdown voltage sharp and distinct doping is controlled and the surface … What Is Zener Diode Operation Principle Types Uses Of . Electronic & semiconductor devices Page 5 of 7 INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF ELECTRONICS & TELECOMMUNICATIONS ENGINEERING (EE) 1. For V s between 0 to 20V, obtain values for I z and V z. On the first objective of the experiment, the group demonstrated the dc characteristics of the Zener Diode with the use of a breadboard. The above diagram shows the V-I characteristics of the Zener diode. Zener diode regulator breadboard circuit. We can add an external negative voltage source to combine with the positive internal voltage to produce a total voltage high enough for this experiment. Using both charts, plot the complete IV terminal characteristics for the Zener diode. This is considered as the basic application of Zener diode. You must also design a circuit that demonstrates the operation of a 7 V ± 5% loaded Zener regulator powered by a 12 V DC voltage source. EXPERIMENT NUMBER 4 Examining the Characteristics of Diodes . 2. Make sure that the thermocouple is in the vicinity of the diode. In this way, it is used as a voltage regulator. Zener diode regulator. We are going to take Zener I-V Characteristics Curve experiment as an example to understand how we can perform a general experiment using the PSLab device. Sl No Name of Experiment Page No 1. • To measure the important parameters of Zener Voltage Regulator. Two terminals: anode and cathode. To measure the reverse breakdown voltage of your Zener diode we need to produce a voltage difference larger than the breakdown voltage of the 6.2 V 1N4735 diode. To calculate static and dynamic resistances of the Zener diode in both forward and reverse biased conditions (before, after break down voltages). Zener Diode Makes For A Lousy Regulator Bald Engineer. To Study the working of a diode as Bri dge rectifier with and without filter. We use Zener diodes for voltage regulation and voltage stabilisation. II. characteristic graph of the zener diode used in this experiment. Zener Diode Definition Vi Characteristics And Breakdown. base unit, oscilloscope and a dc supply we can demonstrate the characteristics of the zener and its application for voltage regulation. This may lead to damaging of the diode. When the diode is connected in forward bias diode acts as a normal diode. With these, the group was able to observe how a Zener Diode acts like a rectifier diode when it is forward bias and a voltage regulator when it is in reverse bias. When the reverse bias voltage is greater than a predetermined voltage then the Zener breakdown voltage occurs. Zener Diode Characteristics. • Never use larger wire as jumpers. What we are trying to achieve in this experiment is to demonstrate that a diode exhibits a behaviour as described by Figure 4. To find load regulation characteristics of Zener voltage regulator Apparatus: S.no Apparatus Range Quantity 1 Zener diode 1 2 Resistance 470-ohm 1 3 Regulated power supply 0-30V 1 4 Ammeter 0-100 mA 1 5 Voltmeter 0-10 V 1 6 Breadboard and wires 7 Variable resistor ( 100-1100-ohm) Introduction: An ideal P-N Junction diode does not conduct in reverse biased condition. (Note: All or any pre-lab works must be completed before coming to the lab and must be handed-in to the lab instructor during entering the lab and at the beginning of lab session) Procedure Zener diode I-V characteristics 1. Diode the above diagram shows the V-I characteristics of the Zener breakdown voltage.! 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