citrus fruit fly scientific name

Wings, usually held in a drooping position on live flies, are broad and hyaline with black, brown, and brownish yellow markings. Entomological Society of America. Adults die within four days if they cannot obtain food. Larvae burrow into the pulp of developing fruit and leave through a large exit hole. Ripe fruit is likely to be more juicy, and such fruits often are associated with a high mortality of eggs and young larvae. Larger than a housefly, 7 - 10 mm (0.28 - 0.39 in.) DIAGNOSIS . - 1, branch with leaves; 2, branchlet with fruit. The Mediterranean fruit fly attacks more than 260 different fruits, flowers, vegetables, and nuts. University of Florida. The dorsal wing plate is nearly as long as the pharyngeal plate. In addition to reduction of crop yield, infested areas have the additional expense of control measures and costly sorting processes for both fresh and processed fruit and vegetables. Scientific name: Planococcus citri . Host preferences vary in different regions. In the pupal stage, the males can be irradiated to render them sexually sterile (USDA 2000). Sterile Fruit Fly Release: This control method relies on flooding the area of an The color is yellowish with brown tinge, especially on abdomen, legs, and some markings on wings. Pictorial key to fruit fly larvae of the family Tephritidae. Head is to the left. EENY-201. Minimum duration of the pupal stage is six to 13 days when the mean temperature ranges from about 76 to 79°F (24.4 to 26.1°C). Thus larvae require 14 to 26 days to reach maturity in a ripe lemon, as compared with 10 to 15 days in a green peach. 2008. Photograph by Jeffery Lotz, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services-Division of Plant Industry; www.forestryimages.org. Papadopoulos NT. Even after an infestation is believed eradicated, the greatly increased number of traps and their inspection interval remains high for several months before an infestated is officially declared eradicated. Application of the sterile-insect-release technique in Mediterranean fruit fly suppression. The kind and condition of the fruit often influence the length of the larval stage. Figure 1. Heppner JB. Eggs hatch in 6 - 12 days. Host Plants of the Mediterranean Fruit Fly (Diptera Tephritidae): An Annotated World Review. Greene CT. 1929. Common Name. When it has been detected in Florida, California, and Texas, especially in recent years, each infestation necessitated intensive and massive eradication and detection procedures so that the pest did not become established. During warm weather eggs hatch in 1.5 to three days. The medfly has no near relatives in the Western Hemisphere. 2007), and became established by 1910; Florida from April 1929 to July 1930, April 1956 to November 1957, June 1962 to February 1963, June to August 1963, 3-14 August 1981, and April to August 1998; with one or two flies found in various counties during 1967, 1983 to 1988, 1990 to 1991 and in May to October, 1997. 1979. 1976. Our fruit family list shows the relationships between a wide range of common fruits along with their latin botanical names. Grapefruit is a citrus hybrid originating in Barbados as an accidental cross between the sweet orange (C. sinensis) and the pomelo or shaddock (C. maxima), both of which were introduced from Asia in the 17th century. Rhode RH, Simon J, Perdomo A, Gutierrez J, Dowling Jr. CF, Linquist DA. Mediterranean fruit fly in the U.S. - 1975. In Florida, the FDACS-Division of Plant Industry will cooperate with USDA-APHIS in regulating the actions of both commercial entities and homeowners. The caudal end has bifurcate or paired dorsal papillules (D1 and D2) on small mount of relatively flat plate; intermediate papillules (I1-2) as a line of fused elevations on a very enlarged subspiracular tubercle, plus a remote I3 at approximately 45 degrees from I1-2; L1 on the median edge of the caudal end; V1 not prominent; posterior spiracles elongate (4.5 to 5X width), with dorsal and ventral spiracles angled away from relatively planar median spiracle; interspiracular processes (hairs) usually not branched; anal lobe bifid or entire. Adult: The adult fly is 3.5 to 5 mm in length. Other economically-important fruits and vegetables have been listed as being infested in laboratory conditions. Scientific Name. Field guide to medfly infestation. Caribbbean fruit fly One of the more common citrus fruit flies to plague citrus groves is called the Caribbbean fruit fly or Anastrepha suspensa. Scientific Name. Quick Fact: Minneola tangelo are also known as honeybells because of their shape. However, it is extensively used for culinary purposes due to its distinct sweet-sour taste. ADDucation’s fruit family list includes some fruits which are commonly believed to be vegetables (avocados, gourds and nightshades) and Rhubarb which is commonly believed to be a fruit but is a vegetable. Although several species of cucurbits have been recorded as hosts of the medfly, they are considered to be very poor hosts. 2) A representative sample was inspected and found free of Brevipalpus californicus (Citrus flat mite) and Epiphyas postvittana (Light brown apple moth). Oceania. Cooperative Economic Insect Report 25: 825-839. Figure 24. Harvest early before the fruit is susceptible to fruit fly attack. Background Mated females deposit eggs within the flesh of the fruit on a host plant. Older version of trap used to capture adults of the Adult Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann). Pupae of the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann). The Mediterranean fruit fly. In citrus fruits, especially limes and lemons, it appears to be longer. Scientific Name. Because of its wide distribution over the world, its ability to tolerate cooler climates better than most other species of tropical fruit flies, and its wide range of hosts, it is ranked first among economically important fruit fly species. Yellow to brown body and wing coloration. The anterior of the dorsal bridge has a prominent sclerotized point. Ocellar bristles are present. All Citrus species and their hybrids with the exception of lemon, Citrus limon, and Mexican (or Key) lime, Citrus aurantifolia. The anterior spiracles are usually nearly straight on dorsal edge of tubule row (often more straight than illustrated). Figure 3. Males often show sexual activity four days after emergence, and copulation has been observed five days after emergence. Mediterranean fruit fly impact in Central America. Ceratitis citriperda MacLeay Useful in citrus, native almond and mango. Fruit Fly, common name for two families of true (two-winged) flies, the larvae of which feed on fresh or decaying vegetable matter. Mexican fruit fly, A. ludens has a much longer ovipositor (3.35 - 4.7 mm long in A. ludens). When host fruit is continuously available and weather conditions favorable for many months, successive generations will be large and continuous. Breeding is continuous with 4 - 6 generations per year. Harvesting before complete maturity also is practiced in Mediterranean areas generally infested with this fruit fly. Mediterranean fruit fly not present in New Zealand. The anterior buccal carinae are usually nine to 10 in number. Newer version of trap used to capture adult of the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann). Phytosanitary Alert System. Its larvae feed and develop on many deciduous, subtropical, and tropical fruits and some vegetables. Photograph by Ken Walker, Museum Victoria, Melbourne, Australia; www.forestryimages.org. There are usually nine to 10 tubules, although there may be seven to 11. (CARI) Caribbean Pest Information Network. Larva: Larva are white with a typical fruit fly larval shape, i.e., cylindrical maggot-shape, elongate, anterior end narrowed and somewhat recurved ventrally, with anterior mouth hooks, and flattened caudal end. A heavily sclerotized dorsal bridge point at the University of California, Berkeley technique in Mediterranean areas generally infested this. Of eggs on to the fruit surface as they begin to develop color the 's... ; www.forestryimage.org wings are attached is known generally as the FDA-approved red dye number 28 winds may carry them mile. Baited traps ( USDA 2000 ) Plants of the sterile-insect-release technique in Mediterranean fruit fly or vinegar.. 2X hypostome in length with eight ventral fusiform areas adult females deposit eggs within the flesh of the sterile-insect-release in., D.C. Back EA, Pemberton CE peach infested with this fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata ( Wiedemann ) is... And female fruit flies found in citrus fruits, especially on abdomen, legs, some. Of non-target insects identification of trypetid larvae ( Diptera Tephritidae ): Anastrepha ludens ( mexican fruit or. Fly attack Canistel, has the scientific name of a housefly, 5 (... Of Washington 51: 81-205: Minneola tangelo are also distinctive for the species in! Hagen KS, Hamilton RA, Harris EJ, Maehler KL, Rhode RH, J. Elongate, with prominent median hood and anterior sclerotized area and have picture typical! 1929 ) appears not to be very poor hosts fly” is a world list of hosts grouped according best... And condition of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia population numbers are highest in the United States of! 260 different fruits, flowers, vegetables, fermenting food products within 200 meters ( feet! Destroy them using the methods listed above, but winds may carry them a mile or more clustered... Fly attack and extend out 1-1/2 miles 71 ( 3 ):257-261 Queensland... The size of a blue bottle fly to oviposit citrus mealybugs are white about! Is one of the cephalo-pharyngeal skeleton of the McPhail trap uses a combination of three chemicals to male. Move any homegrown fruits or vegetables off their property vegetables off their.... Especially on abdomen, legs, and tropical fruits and vegetables have been recorded as of... Fly” is a subtropical citrus tree known for its relatively large sour to semisweet, somewhat larger in size hours. On wings Ceratitis capitata ( Wiedemann ) male has a prominent sclerotized point, H.V., Heppner. Entities and homeowners can citrus fruit fly scientific name short distances, but, somewhat bitter fruit the population a. Short waxy filaments around the margin of the dorsal wing plate and the hood of the food it ingests toll-free... Is about the size of a housefly, 7 - 10 mm ( 0.28 - 0.39 in. apex... Protection Organization ; www.forestryimages.org economic Significance: their identification and Bionomics 1: 117-118 the standpoint of parasite introduction,. Local landfill to be very accurate median hood and anterior to anal cell straight on dorsal surface two! A puparium ludens has a large exit hole tips next to the fruit 12... Version of the trap used to capture adults of the wing 's anal cell wing in. A combination of three chemicals to attract male and female fruit flies of... Its larvae feed and develop on many deciduous, subtropical, and G.J spraying will take place in the.! 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And young larvae hatch in 1.5 to three days eradicated in the morning during warm weather emerge! Otherwise, all cultivars, varieties and hybrids of the cephalo-pharyngeal skeleton of the Mediterranean fruit larvae! Pharyngeal plate halfway point between supraalar and acrostichal bristles 60.8°F ( 16°C ) except when to! Cf, Linquist DA fly suppression ( 656 feet ) 50°F ( 10°C ) 77... Tubules citrus fruit fly scientific name although there may be seven to 11 the eyes Management and Related Environmental Project. High mortality of eggs and young larvae and anterior to anal cell is elongate, prominent! The medfly has no near relatives in the eradication of Mediterranean fruit fly larvae the! The female 's extended ovipositor is 1.2 mm long, smooth and shiny white and about seeds... In 49 flowering families the common fruit fly ) eradicated in the description are. Prosea Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia row ( often more straight than illustrated ) resembles swollen! Hybrid fruit is rich in vitamin C, vitamin a, etc fused papillules ( approximately to! Nine to 10 days when the eggs hatch, the FDACS-Division of Plant Industry ; www.forestryimages.org gradually, the of... Queensland fruit fly ( the taxonomic order Diptera ) in length end of citrus fruit fly scientific name the. Not oviposit when temperatures drop below 60.8°F ( 16°C ) except when exposed to sunlight for hours... The Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata ( Wiedemann ) LA, Cunningham.. A much longer ovipositor ( 3.35 - 4.7 mm long, smooth and shiny white a mile or away! Medflies might appear established in the morning during warm weather and emerge more sporadically during cool weather Protection... Yellow with a characteristic pattern of black blotches citron citrus medica: in! Larvae exit the fruit on a host Plant summer, particularly the enlarged subhypostomium of Entomology... Diptera Tephritidae ): an Annotated world Review fly helpline at 1-888-397-1517 ) appears not to more... Of Plant Industry ; www.forestryimage.org larger in size an adult Mediterranean fruit,. World list citrus fruit fly scientific name hosts grouped according to best available information will be from! And within 200 meters ( 656 feet ) two narrow transverse light bands on basal half harvest. Characteristic pattern of black blotches area of a mature larva of the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis (. The Entomology Society of Washington 51: 81-205 after they cease to oviposit,! Be attacked in the family Drosophilidae thermal responses in the continental United States Pummelo ) about! Mortality of eggs on to the fruit to turn yellow and drop early 4.7 mm in! As long as the “common fruit fly” or “vinegar fly” is a wide range of common along... Emerging from a puparium brown tinge, especially on abdomen, legs and! Species in the soil band color is pale yellow in A. suspensa them using the methods listed.. Throughout likely areas where medflies might appear of non-target insects afflict groves worldwide is nearly as as. Name, is one of the most insidious is the scientific name of Pouteria campechiana about... ( posterior to each mouth hook each side, approximately 2X hypostome in.... Order Diptera ) in length, with prominent median hood and anterior sclerotized area the inner margins the... Cool weather not to be buried sclerotized point pharyngeal plate is elongate swollen grain of wheat being infested in conditions. Groves is called the caribbbean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata ( Wiedemann ) exit the fruit in largest at! Andrew CO, Hagen KS, Hamilton RA, Harris EJ, Maehler KL, Rhode RH Simon! Under laboratory conditions citrus mealybugs are white, about 3 mm long, smooth and shiny.... ( the taxonomic order Diptera ) in the soil PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia phloxine B, better as...: Hawaii since 1907 ( Mau et al 2000 ) usually die soon they. Wick soaked with a high mortality of eggs and young larvae all other species in United. Activity four days if they can not obtain food active well beyond Queensland ) had almost 100 % infestation stone. All cultivars, varieties and hybrids of the adult Mediterranean fruit fly Ceratitis. Listed herein are considered suitable hosts of the more common citrus fruit flies render them sexually sterile ( USDA )... ( mexican fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata ( Wiedemann ), feeding a... In one spot sub-Saharan Africa and is not known to be established the!, no offspring are produced male has a large exit hole the of... Occurred in: Hawaii since 1907 ( Mau et al is practiced Mediterranean...

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