types of dialectology

Dr. Richard Nordquist is professor emeritus of rhetoric and English at Georgia Southern University and the author of several university-level grammar and composition textbooks. Methods of linguistic data collection are among the most central aspects in empirical linguistics. Noun. Meaning of dialectology. A variety of methods are used to collect data on regional dialects and to choose informantfrom whom to collect it. ". interaction with dialectology (4.1), and the contribution of dialectology to the problem of statistical neutrality as discussed by Maslova (2000) (4.2). By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Early dialect research, focused on documenting the most conservative forms of regional dialects, least contaminated by ongoing change or contact with other dialects, focused primarily on collecting data from older informants in rural areas. It is part of a larger group of studies called sociolinguistics, which evaluates the many elements that shape communication in whole cultures or in smaller groups. What is Dialectology? "Dialect geography [is] a methodology or (more accurately) a set of methods for gathering evidence of dialect differences systematically ... "Social dialectology differs from traditional dialectology in its shift of focus from rural, settled communities to communities characterized by immigration and mobility... A sign that social dialectology is maturing as a discipline is that scholars are now able to compare the results of a range of studies in order to locate and explain parallel developments. Variation most commonly occurs as a result of relative geographic or social isolation and may affect vocabulary, grammar, or … . Theoretical linguistics: studies the nature of language as it is and analyses the properties it possesses. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The study of social dialects; the study of linguistic variation between social groups or classes. Definition of Dialectology. Dialectology is a study of language that focuses on understanding dialects. Corrections? In this way we may talk of the Parisian dialect of French, the Lancashire dialect of English, the Bavarian dialect of German, and so on. Dialectology a section of linguistics that deals with dialects. Introduction. Types of dialectology Traditional dialectology Structural dialectology Generative dialectology We both tend to be interested in the language of a particular place (a speech … "Sociolinguists and dialectologists share some goals and methods. Variation Studies in Dialectology and Three Types of Sound Change 1998-12-31 00:00:00 1. Dialectology, the study of dialects. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Dialect study as a discipline—dialectology—dates from the first half of the 19th century, when local...…. Updates? Variation most commonly occurs as a result of relative geographic or social isolation and may affect vocabulary, grammar, or pronunciation (accent). ¹ Source: wiktionary.com. It might be outdated or ideologically biased. Introduction. What does dialectology mean? Definition of Dialectology. Information and translations of dialectology in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. Dialectology definition is - the systematic study of dialect. They'll give your presentations a professional, memorable appearance - the kind of sophisticated look that today's audiences expect. If modern Russian literature is your thing, there’s a degree program for that, and if sociolinguistics or dialectology grabs you, there’s a program for that as well. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The Definition and Examples of Folk Linguistics, Definition and Examples of Dialect Leveling, Definition and Examples of Dialect in Linguistics, Definition and Examples of Language Varieties, Definition and Examples of Linguistic Prestige. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/science/dialectology, Centre for Languages, Linguistics and Area Studies - Dialectology. It is aimed at learning behaviour and features of language. See more. dialectology: 1 n the branch of philology that is devoted to the study of dialects Type of: linguistics , philology the humanistic study of language and literature dialectology: The study of dialects. This chapter focuses on three areas of applied dialectology for which detailed information about dialect variation is crucial. The Handbook of Dialectology provides an authoritative, up-to-date and unusually broad account of the study of dialect, in one volume. Each chapter reviews essential research, and offers a critical discussion of the past, present and future development of the area. Much of the work of dialectology has consisted of gathering information about the types of variation that occur in different dialects and the construction of linguistic atlases showing patterns of distribution for a series of varying features within a language. Dialectology as a discipline began in the 19th century with the development in western Europe of dictionaries and grammars of regional dialects. . More recently, under the umbrella of sociolinguistics, dialectology has developed greater interest in the ongoing linguistic innovations that differentiate region… Linguistics - Linguistics - Dialectology and linguistic geography: Dialect study as a discipline—dialectology—dates from the first half of the 19th century, when local dialect dictionaries and dialect grammars first appeared in western Europe. Synonyms for dialectology include etymology, grammar, linguistics, morphology, phonology, semantics, syntax, glottology, glossology and speechlore. In the USA, regional dialects include Appalachian, New Jersey and Southern English, and in Britain, Cockney, Liverpool English and 'Geordie' (Newcastle English). Definition of Dialectology. Dialectology definition: the study of dialects and dialectal variations | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples In traditional dialectology the collection of data is the primary requirement. the study of dialects ¹. Instead, it has developed since the 1960s to become an interest of many different interconnected fields, from typology to geographic information systems (GIS), from historical linguistics to phonetics. Dialectology definition, the study dealing with dialects and dialect features. Soon thereafter, dialect maps were developed; most often they depicted the division of a language’s territory into regional dialects. Such work on the geographic patterns of linguistic variation is also known as linguistic geography. Dialectology proper has traditionally focused on the geographic distribution of language variation as an end in itself and has remained relatively segregated from other branches of linguistic and extra-linguistic inquiry. There are two types of dialect continua, namely the geographical dialect continuum and the social dialect continuum (Chambers and Trudgill, 1980). We both tend to be interested in the language of a particular place (a. Definition and Examples of Rhotic and Non-Rhotic Speech, 6 Common Myths About Language and Grammar, Nonstandard English Definition and Examples, Ph.D., Rhetoric and English, University of Georgia, M.A., Modern English and American Literature, University of Leicester, B.A., English, State University of New York, "Sociolinguists and dialectologists share some goals and methods. Although to some extent an autonomous discipline, dialectology is regarded by some linguists as a subfield of sociolinguistics. [n -GIES] Medical Definition of Dialectology. 1. n. That branch of philology which is devoted to the consideration of dialects. Dialectology (from Greek διάλεκτος, dialektos, "talk, dialect"; and -λογία, -logia) is the scientific study of linguistic dialect, a sub-field of sociolinguistics.It studies variations in language based primarily on geographic distribution and their associated features. Dialectology is pursued through a number of methods; the American linguist W. Nelson Francis (Dialectology, 1983) describes the prevailing methods as traditional, structural, and generative. The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). Introduction 2. Dialectology, the study of dialects. The scientific study of dialects, or the regional differences in a language. Originally, the study of Dialectology was a sub-discipline of the study of sociolinguistics. 1. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Dialectology and philology As mentioned above, dialect geography originated in response to a theoretical claim by the Neogrammarians and Wenker’s original work was motivated in part by the claim that sound change was regular. World's Best PowerPoint Templates - CrystalGraphics offers more PowerPoint templates than anyone else in the world, with over 4 million to choose from. 'In contrast to a regional dialect, a social dialect is a variety of a language spoken by a particular group based on social characteristics other than geography.' What Is Koineization (or Dialect Mixing)? Omissions? . Dialectology is not a coherent field with a single set of methodologies. 1. Sociolinguistics can be traced back as far back as 5 BCE in India, however it was only really considered to have been born in Northern Germany by Georg Wenker, where he studied the varieties of German through the form of a postal questionnaire. While written questionnaires have only played a minor role in the field of social dialectology, the study of regional and social variation, the last 1. Winner of the Standing Ovation Award for “Best PowerPoint Templates” from Presentations Magazine. Definition of dialectology in the Definitions.net dictionary. Perceptual Dialectology (PD) is the study of how nonlinguists understand dialectal variation. A Critical Sketch 3. 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